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OCTOBER 23

Halifax Travel Guide

Halifax History



The community was founded in 1749 by Governor Sir Edward Cornwallis and 2,500 settlers from Britain, on the site of a First Nations village. The Halifax Gazette of 1752 was Canada's first newspaper, and Canada's first post office was opened here three years later.

In 1758 the first legislative assembly in Canada met here. Halifax was the base for British operations against the French in 1759, and during the American Revolution in the 1770s, and remained an imperial army and naval base until 1906. It is now the chief naval station in Canada.

The first Cunard liner service to Europe left from Halifax in 1840. In 1917, during World War I, a munitions ship exploded in the harbour killing 1,600 people, injuring 9,000, and damaging 12,000 buildings




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