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DECEMBER 16

Calgary Travel Guide

Calgary History



Calgary, its name believed to be derived from the Gaelic phrase meaning "bay farm," was founded in 1875 at the junction of the Bow and Elbow rivers as a North West Mounted Police post. The Canadian Pacific Railway arrived in 1883, and ranchers established major spreads on the plains surrounding the town. Incorporated as a city in 1894, in 1910 the current brick house, named Inglewood, was built.

The surrounding area also became known as Inglewood - named for the most prominent property in the area. Calgary grew quickly, and by 1911 its population had reached 43,000.

In 1929, Coronel Walker's son Selby, applied to the Federal government to have 59 acres on the west side of the Bow River be designated as a Federal Migratory Bird Sanctuary. His request was granted and the Inglewood Bird Sanctuary was born.

When Selby died in 1953, Ed Jefferies, who in turn leased it to the Alberta Fish & Game Association, acquired the property. In 1970 the City of Calgary purchased the property and has been managing it as a natural area ever since.

Today, Calgary is a city of nearly 800,000 mostly easygoing and downright neighborly people. The major growth came with the oil boom in the 1960s and 1970s, when most Canadian oil companies established their head offices in the city. It is Canada's second-largest center for corporate head offices.

Downtown is still evolving, but Calgary's planners have made life during winter more pleasant by connecting most of the buildings with the Plus 15, a network of enclosed walkways 15 ft above street level. Among the major cities on the prairies, Calgary usually has the most reasonable winter, thanks to the annual series of warm chinook winds that blow in from the nearby Rockies.




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